班主任

理想与困惑:关于学校德育工作的一点思考

发布:班主任 | 分类:德育

  理想与困惑:关于学校德育工作的一点思考

  WEN/DENGSHIPING

甘肃快3  WOZUOZHENGJIAOCHUZHURENHEFENGUANDEYUGONGZUODEXIAOLINGDAO17NIAN,GEZHONGZIWEI,LENGNUANZIZHI。XUEXIAODEDEYUGONGZUOZONGTISHANGSUOSUIERFANZA。XUEZHEYUDANZAI“NVXINGPINZHISHENGHUOGAOFENGLUNTAN”SHANGSHUO,DANGDAINVXING“QUESHAODESHICHUNHUAQIUYUE”,RUGUOYOURENWENWO,WOMENDEDEYUGONGZUOHUOZHEBANZHURENGONGZUOQUESHAODESHISHENME,WORENWEIJIUSHIZHEIZHONG“CHUNHUAQIUYUE”。NIANQINGBANZHURENDAIZHEBINFENLANGMANDEQINGHUAIZOUSHANGBANZHURENGONGZUOGANGWEI,JINIANXIALAI,ZAITAMENCHONGFENGANSHOUDEYUGONGZUODEJIANNANYIHOU,BIANDAISHANGLESHENSHENDELUOMO,JIERCHANSHENGDESHIDUIBANZHURENGONGZUODESHENSHENKUNHUO。ZAIXINSHIQIXINXINGSHIXIA,DEYUGONGZUODEXIANZHUANGQUESHIFASHENGLESHENKEDEBIANHUA,WOMENDEJIAOYUDUIXIANGFASHENGLESHENKEDEBIANHUA,YUSHIYOURENKAITAN“SHUBUHAOJIAOLE,RENBUHAOJIAOLE”。JIDE《LUNYU·XIANJIN》YOUYIDUANJIZAI,KONGZIYUXUESHENGJIAOTAN,WENTAMENDEZHIXIANG,ZUIHOUWENHAIZAIDANQINDECENGZHE。CENGZHESHUO:“MOCHUNZHE,CHUNFUJICHENG,GUANZHEWULIUREN,TONGZILIUQIREN,YUYUYI,FENGHUWUYU,YONGERGUI。”YICHENGBAIHUA,YISISHI:MUCHUNSANYUE,CHUNTIANDEYIFUYIJINGCHUANZAISHENSHANG,YUESHANGWULIUGECHENGREN,LIUQIGEXIAOHAI,ZAIYISHUIPANGBIANXILIANXISHOU,ZAIWUYUTAISHANGCHUICHUIFENG,RANHOUYILUCHANGZHEGEZOUHUILAI。KONGZIBIAOSHIZANTONGTADEZHUZHANG。WOMENKEYIXIANGXIANGZHEISHIYIFUYOUMEIDESHISHENGJIAOYOUTU,SHISHENGJIANQILERONGRONG,RANGRENSHENWANG。DANDANGDAIDEDEYUYUANMEIYOURUCIDELANGMANERYOUXIAN。

  一、德育现状分析

甘肃快3  DEYUSHIJIAOYUZHEDUIBEIJIAOYUZHEDEZHENGQUEYINDAOHEJIJIYINGXIANG。DEYUDEGEYAOSU——JIAOYUZHE、BEIJIAOYUZHE、JIAOYUNEIRONG——ZHENGFASHENGYICHANGSHENKEDEBIANHUA:

  (一)在社会主义市场经济的背景下,教师形象的嬗变甘肃快3。“天地君亲师”、“师者,所以传道授业解惑也”,教师身上的光环,在市场经济的背景下已逐渐淡去,社会(包括家长)更愿意从市场规则来认识评判教育和教师,因而无论是社会,还是教师本人,在功利主义引领下对教师职业缺乏认同感,德育工作者本应该像是虔诚的布道者,他们的形象和教育的功效息息相关。

  (二)在物质不断丰富、知识经济的今天,我们的教育对象(学生)也悄然发生了变化。“五四”青年满怀爱国热情,在民族危亡之际,可以慷慨捐躯,毁家纾难;上世纪50年代的青年朝气蓬勃,富有理想;改革初期的学生惜时如金,勤学苦练;那么当代学生也打上深深的时代烙印,他们具有聪明,敏感,思维活跃,知识面广等优点,但同时他们也有令人担忧的性格弱点:

甘肃快3  1、YIZIWOWEIZHONGXIN,XINGGEZHIAOERZHANGYANG。XIANZAIDEXUESHENGDADUOSHIDUSHENGZINV,TAMENDADUOYOUYOUYUEDEJIATINGTIAOJIAN,YOUFUMUZHANGBEIDESHENQINGHEHU,TAMENDUODESHIRENXINGGUAIZHANG,SHAODESHIHEZUOYUKUANRONG。

  2、GANQINGCUIRUOERLENGMO。WENSHILIDEHUADUOZONGSHICUIRUODE,JINGBUQIFENGYUDEDAJI,DANGDAIXUESHENGWANGWANGQUESHAONAILIYUYILI,ZAIKUNNANMIANQIANWANGWANGYICHOUMOZHAN。SUOWEILENGMO,JIUSHIDUIBUGUANHUZIJIDESHIMORANCHUZHI,YINERWORENWEIDANGDAIXUESHENGZUIXUYAODEMOGUOYUGANQINGDEZIRUN,RANGTAMENBINGLENGDEYANKUANGLILIUXIAGUNTANGDELEI。

甘肃快3  3、YOUYULIYIJIATINGZENGDUO、LIUSHOUERTONG、GAOKAOYALIDENGZHUDUOYUANYIN,YOUXINLIZHANGAIDEXUESHENGYUELAIYUEDUO。XINGGEPIANZHI、XINLIFENGBI、NANYIGOUTONG、CHENGSHOULICHASHIQIZHONGYAOBIAOZHENG。

甘肃快3  (SAN)DEYUNEIRONGCHENGXIANDUOYUANHUATAISHI。SUIZHESHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJIDEQUELI,WOMENDEDAODETIXIZHONGJIYOUSHEHUIZHUYIJIAZHIGUANTIXI,YOUYOUSHICHANGJINGJIDESHICHANGDAODEGUIFANYAOQIU,HAIYAOCHUANCHENGZHONGHUAMINZUCHUANTONGDAODE,YINERXUEXIAOSIXIANGDAODEJIAOYURENWUSHIFENFANZHONG。DANZAIYIDINGSHIQINEI,XINJIUDAODEJIAOZHIDUOYUAN,RENMENDEXINYANG、JIAZHIGUANDENGYEBIJIANGCHENGXIANDUOYUANDEJUMIAN,ZHEIDUIDEYUGONGZUOZHETICHULEYANJUNDETIAOZHAN。

甘肃快3  (SI)DEYUXINGSHIJIXUCHUANGXIN。CHUANTONGDEDEYUXINGSHIPIANZHONGYUSHUOJIAO,YONGJINGDIANJIAOHUAXUESHENG,DUODESHILIXINGDELIJIEYUJIESHOU,QUESHAOQINGGANDETIYANYUXINLINGDEGANWU。DANDEYUJUEBUSHIYICUERJIUDESHI,TAXUYAOSHIJIAN,XUYAOFENGFUDUOCAIDEHUODONG,XUYAOSHENGDONGHUOPODEZAITI。RUHECHUANGXINDEYUJIZHI,SHIBAIZAIDEYUGONGZUOZHEMIANQIANDEJINPORENWU。

甘肃快3  (WU)GENJUDEYUDEXIAOGUOSHANGKAN,SHEHUIDEFANZUOYONGLIHENRONGYIXIAOJIEXUEXIAODEYUDEGONGXIAO,ZHEIJIUSHISUOSHUODE“YICHOUZHEBAIJUN”,SUIZHEKEJIDEFAZHAN,WANGLUODEPUJI,XUESHENGKEYICONGQITAQUDAOHUODEBIXUEXIAOZHONGGENGDUODEDAODETIYANHEXINXI,TAMENWANGWANGZAIDUANSHIJIANNEIWAJIEXUEXIAODEYUDECHENGXIAO。

  二、师生现状分析

  WORENWEIDEYUGONGZUODEZHUYAOZHENGJIEZAIYUSHISHENGJIANDEBUXIEDIAO,CONGERDAOZHILEJIAOYUXUEDEMAODUNJIAJU。JIUQIYUANYIN,KEYIGUINARUXIA:

  (一)教师与学生的文化背景差异

  WOMENDEJIAOSHIMANHUAIJIAOYULIXIANG,ZAIJIAOYUGUOCHENGZHONG,RENGRANSHIJIANCHICHUANTONGGUANNIAN,QIANGDIAOZHENGTIRENTONG,HONGYANGSHEHUIZEREN,JIANGQIUSHIDAOZUNYAN。WOMENDEXUESHENGBINGCHENGSHIDAIFENGQI,ZHUIQIUGEXINGZHANGYANG,ZHUZHONGGETISUQIU,QIANGDIAOZIYOUPINGDENG。ZAIJIAOYUGUOCHENGZHONG,JIAZHIGUANDEBUTONG、WENHUAGUANNIANDEJIAOFENGSHIDEYUNANYIZOUXIAODEGUANJIANSUOZAI。

  (二)师生的阅读背景不同

  DANGDAISHIYIGEQUESHAOYUEDUDESHIDAI。QUESHAOYUEDUBENZHISHANGJIUSHIQUESHIWENHUADERUYANG。DANGDAIXUESHENGDEJINGSHENYANGLIAOXIAOJIEZAIKUAICANWENHUADEFENWEILI,TUJIEDE、GAOXIAODEYUEDUZHINENGXINGCHENGQIANBIAOXINGSIWEI,YUEDUZHEHENNANTIHUIDAOYUEDUGUOCHENGZHONGYOUSHENGSEDAOLIUCHANGDAODUNWUDEYUEDUKUAIGAN。ZUOWEISHIZHE,XIWANGJIXUESHENGYIWENHUADE“MANHANQUANXI”,DANWOMENDEXUESHENGZAIKAOSHIDEZHONGFUXIA,SHUBAOLICHULEYOUJIAOFUSHU,HAIYOUWUDAXIAOSHUO、DOUSHIYANQINGXIAOSHUO、KATONGMANHUADENG。

  (三)当代功利化的教育行为所致

  DAOZHIDEYUDEQUESHI,WENTIBUZAIXUESHENG,ERZAIYUJIAOYUZHEBENRENHUOJIAOYUDAHUANJING,PUTIANGAIDIDESHIJUAN、WUXIUZHIDEBUKE,YICIYOUYICICHANGSHIBUJINDEKAOSHIDESHIBAIZAOCHENGLEXUESHENGDEFANGANXINTAI。DEYUXUYAOPINGHESHUCHANGDEFENWEI,XUYAOSHIKONGQINGGANDEZHENCHENGYANYI。

  三、德育者的理想

  (一)希望我们的学生应该这样:

  1、健康。甘肃快3健康,应该是身心健康。体型既不是以前那种豆芽型的,也不是当下胖墩型的,他们应该有良好的体质,有矫健的运动姿态,心理明亮,态度谦虚而自信。

  2、阳光。甘肃快3他们有清爽的外表,有灿烂的笑容,有感人的泪水。

  3、诚信。诚以待人,言之有信。诚信是中华传统文化的精髓,也是市场经济的基本要求。

  4、爱心。仁者爱人,有爱心才会有责任心。爱国家,爱集体,爱父母,爱朋友,爱自己。

  5、会感动,懂得感恩。用感动滋养情感,用感恩学会珍惜。我们的教育不需要太多的理性,我们要让我们的学生接受更多的感动,每一次感动,就是一次灵魂的悸动,就是一次灵魂的洗礼。

  (二)我们的教师应该这样:

  1、充满爱心。苏霍姆林斯基说:“没有爱就没有教育”。爱是教育的润滑剂,爱是教育的催化剂,爱教育,爱学生。在教育过程中,爱总是大于技巧的。

  2、赏析与宽容。甘肃快3学会以欣赏的眼光观察学生,允许学生犯错误,允许学生改正错误。

  3、细致与细腻。甘肃快3德育是一个润物无声的过程,需要教师细致的观察,细腻的把控,让每一滴甘甜的雨露都流进学生的心田。

  4、多思与创新。教育的对象灵动而多样,任何刻板划一的形式都不能奏效,需要多借鉴,多思考,创新工作机制,做个快乐的德育工作者。

  四、为德育,我们可以做些什么

  (一)德育生活化

甘肃快3  CHUANTONGDEDEYUZHONGZAIJIAOHUA,GAOSULERENMENSHENMESHIZHENSHANMEI,SHENMESHIJIACHOUE,RANGRENMENXUEHUICHONGGAO、YOUMEI、ZHUANGYANDENG,JIAOHUAHUODUOHUOSHAOSHIYAOZHUIQIUSHENSHENGDE。DANSHIZHIJINRI,DEYUBIXUCONGSHENSHENGDEJIANGTANSHANGZOUXIALAI,ZOUXIANGSHISUSHENGHUO,ZAIFENGFUDUOCAIDEXIANSHISHENGHUOZHONGTIYANSHENMESHISHEHUIGONGDE,SHENMESHICHUANTONGMEIDE。DEYUSHENGHUOHUAJIUSHIDEYUQINGJINGHUA,ZAITEDINGDEQINGJINGZHONGRANGXUESHENGJINRAN,QIANZIANZHANG。

  (二)活动系列化

  ZAIHUODONGZHONGSHENTOUDEYU,SHITIGAODEYUDEYOUXIAOXINGSHI。GENJUZHONGXIAOXUESHENGDERENZHIFAZHANGUILV,BADEYUNEIRONGFENJIE,XINGCHENGXILIE,PEIYANGXUESHENGWANBEIDEDAODESUYANG。XUESHENGDEXINGWEIXIGUANHESHEHUIGONGDEDEYANGCHENGSHIZHEIGEXILIEDELUOJIQIDIAN,JIERGUOJIAYISHI、ZIRANYISHI、SHIMINGYISHIDEXINGCHENGYUSHIJIAN。

  (三)评价多元化

甘肃快3  XUESHENGQIANCHAWANBIE,TAMENYOUBUTONGDEGEXINGYUQIANNENG,ZUNZHONGHEFAJUETAMENDEQIANNENGSHIWOMENDEZEREN,DANGQIANDANYIDEPINGJIAMOSHIZHUYAOSHIKANXUESHENGDEXUEYECHENGJI,ZHONGZHIYUQINGDEYUDEXIANXIANGHAIBUTONGCHENGDUDECUNZAI。WOMENYAOSHANYUFAXIANXUESHENGDEYOUDIANTEBIESHIPINDEFANGMIANDEYOUDIAN,JIAYIPEIYU。YOUDETONGXUEXIAOSHUNYOUAI,YOUDETONGXUEQIANXUCHENGKEN,QIANWANBUNENGYIYEZHANGMU,YIPIANGAIQUAN。

  (四)师生理想化

甘肃快3  DANGJINSHIYIGEGONGLIZHUYI、SHIYONGZHUYIGAOZHANG,LIXIANGZHUYISHIWEIDESHIDAI,GAOYANGLIXIANGZHUYIQIZHI,KEYIWEIDEYUGONGZUOZHURUWUQIONGDEDONGLI。MEIYOULIXIANGZHUYIJIUMEIYOUDEYU。JIAOSHIHEXUESHENGBUNENGZHISHIPUFUZAIXIANSHISHIJIELIGUANCHASHENGHUO,YINGGAICHANGCHANGYANGWANGTIANKONG,GUANZHUYUZHOU,GUANZHURENLEI,GUANZHUSHENGMING,PEIYANGDUIRENLEIDEZHONGJIGUANHUAI。

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